Sultans Of Brunei

The Sultan of Brunei is the head of state and head of government of Brunei. The royal lineage goes back to the 15th century. The 29 Sultans of Brunei (and their respective reigns) are:

1.Hassanal Bolkiah (1967–present)

Hassanal Bolkiah GCB GCMG (full name: Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien; born 15 July 1946) is the 29th and current Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei. He is also the first and incumbent Prime Minister of Brunei. The eldest son of Sir Muda Omar Ali Saifuddien III and Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Damit, he succeeded to the throne as the Sultan of Brunei, following the abdication of his father on 4 October 1967.Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah net worth: Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah is the head of state and Yangi-Di Pertuan of Brunei. He has an estimated net worth of $20 billion. Hassanal Bolkiah is one of the world’s richest and has been head of state since 1967. Since 2009 his fortune haven’t change according to forbes magazine. He and Brunei weathered global recession with conservative economic policies and currency pegged to Singapore’s. But oil production is slowing; reserves are expected to last only 25 years. Trying to diversify economy. The sultan continues to spend lavishly:in 2010 reportedly purchased 48 handbags, 24 “duck” umbrellas from Lederer de Paris shop in New York . Case against brother Prince Jefri, accused of pilfering $15 billion from sultanate, remains in courts. The Sultan is famous for his vast automobile collection.It has been said that he has at least 7,000 cars and has bought over U.S.$789 million worth of high-performance cars. Sultan hassanal bolkiah3 - The number purchased by his business interests and the number actually used by himself and his family differ greatly. According to Guinness World Records the Sultan’s personal private collection has more than 600 Rolls-Royces, more than 450 Ferraris, and 134 Koenigseggs — the largest collection of that marque in the world. During the 1990s, his family accounted for almost half of all Rolls-Royce purchases, bulk buying slightly modified vehicles for diplomats and adding unique cars to their own collection. He also owns the very last Rolls-Royce Phantom VI, a 1992 state landaulette.

2.Omar Ali Saifuddien III (1950–1967)

Omar Ali Saifuddien III, (born Al-Marhum Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Maulana Paduka Seri Begawan Sultan Haji Sir Omar Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien III, GCVO, KCMG; 23 September 1914 – 7 September 1986) was the 28th Paramount Ruler and Sultan of Brunei who ruled from 4 June 1950 until his abdication from the throne on 4 October 1967. He was also the first Brunei Minister of Defence. He was known as The Architect of Modern Brunei, The Royal Poet, The Father of Independence, and The Father of Brunei's Negara Zikir.

3.Ahmad Tajuddin (1924–1950)

Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sultan Sir Ahmad Tajuddin Akhazul Khairi Waddien ibni Almarhum Sir Sultan Mohammad Jamalul Alam II (commonly referred to as Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin), KBE, CMG (June 4, 1913 – June 4, 1950) was the 27th sultan of Brunei fromSeptember 11, 1924 until his death. After the death of his father, Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II, due to his young age of 11, the reign was temporarily held by a Council of Regency whose member consist of Pengiran Bendahara Pengiran Anak Abdul Rahman and Pengiran Anak Mohammad Yassin from September 11, 1924 to September 19, 1931. In 1927, he officially opened the Brunei-Tutong Highway. It was during his rule that the conglomerate of British Malayan Petroleum Company and Shell struck oil in Padang Berawa, now known as Seria.

In 1932, he visited England. In 1941, the Japanese landed in Brunei and he was given a pension by the Japanese army. In 1945, the federated army landed and liberated Brunei. In 1946, the Brunei National Anthem, Allah Peliharakan Sultan was composed. He was knighted and bestowed with the KBE by George VI on September 20, 1949 in commemoration of his Silver Jubilee. He died in Singapore whilst on his way toEngland. After his death due to haemorrhage at the age of 37, he was succeeded by his brother, Omar Ali Saifuddin III.

4.Muhammad Jamalul Alam II (1906–1924)

Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam ibni al-Marhum Sultan Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin, KCMG (1889 – 11 September 1924) was the 26th Sultan of Brunei Darussalam (1906 to 1924).He was the eldest son of Sultan Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin. When his father died, the responsibility of the Sultan was in the hands of theMajlis Pemangku Raja, that is the Council of Regency. It was only in 1918 that His Highness was crowned as Sultan. Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II took a great deal of interest in the progress of the country, encouraging advances in agriculture, medicine and education.He also encouraged learning Islam, which was often carried out in the surau or small mosque. As a sign of his commitment to Islam, SultanMuhammad Jamalul Alam II built a mosque despite the country's lack of revenue. The mosque was built on a piece of land near the presentKampong Sultan Lama. The local community used the mosque until it was destroyed in wartime bombing during the reign of his son, SultanAhmad Tajuddin.It was also during the reign of Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II that Islamic Law officially introduced. This was known as Muhammadan Law. It was introduced in 1912, replacing the Kanun Brunei. Then in 1913, the Marriage and Divorce Act was introduced. He kept his position on the State Council, which met to approve and amend laws and policies. With the introduction of the Residential System in Brunei in 1906, all the executive power, except in matters of religion, was transferred from the Sultan to the Resident. In 1922, he moved from Istana Kampong Ayer to Istana Majlis.

Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II's reign was a short one. An outbreak of malaria claimed his life as well as three members of his family. He died on 11 September 1924, aged thirty-five. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Pengiran Muda Ahmad Tajuddin.

5.Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin (1885–1906)

Sultan Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin was the 25th Sultan of Brunei. He ruled Brunei from 1885 to 1906. Sultan Hashim was the son ofSultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II. Before he became the Sultan, he was one of the four Wazirs in Brunei and was known as Pengiran Temenggong Anak Hashim. He had acted as regent when Sultan Abdul Momin became old.

Sultan Hashim inherited a much smaller kingdom than when his father was Sultan. He knew that both the British North Borneo Company and the Brooke government in Sarawak wanted more lands from Brunei and Brunei was not strong enough to stop them from taking control of these lands. Therefore, although he was aware of Sultan Abdul Momin’s Amanat, he still had to sign an agreement to cede Terusan to Sarawak.

During Sultan Hashim’s reign, two important agreements were made between Brunei and Britain. The Treaty of Protection of 1888 made Brunei a British Protectorate. However, this treaty did not save Brunei from any foreign intervention because the British did not stop Charles Brooke from seizing Limbang in 1890. In 1901 and 1902, Brooke and Hewett asked Sultan Hashim to cede Belait and Tutong to them but Sultan Hashim refused and said, “What would happen to me, my chiefs and my descendants? I should be left like a tree, stripped of branches and twigs.”

Sultan Hashim felt that the British were not really protecting Brunei. He sought help from Sultan Abdul Hamid of Turkey. The British discovered this and decided to send Malcolm McArthur to solve the problems in Brunei. Therefore, the Supplementary Agreement of 1905/1906 was signed. Under this treaty, Brunei accepted a British Resident to advise the Sultan on both external and internal affairs except those relating to Islam and Malay customs.Sultan Hashim died in 1906 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam II.

6. Abdul Momin (1852–1885)

ON THE 5th Safar 1269 (November 18, 1852), Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II passed away. On his death, to decide who the heir to the throne shall be, the Keris Si Naga (Dragon Dagger) was first passed to engiran Anak Muhammad Tajuddin ibnu Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam I because it was felt generally that he was the best qualified to be the next Sultan. However he turned it down.The next to be offered the Dragon Dagger was Pengiran Anak Abdul Momin ibnu Pengiran Shabandar Pengiran Anak Haji Abdul Wahab ibnu Sultan Omar Saifuddin I. He was also the son-in-law of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II.Pengiran Anak Muhammad Tajuddin thought that by rejecting the dagger, it might be offered to his son, Pengiran Muda Mohamad Jamalul Alam who was the son-in-law of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuiddin II and is more senior as his son was a "Pengiran Muda" as compared to "Pengiran Anak" Abdul Momin.The rejection embarrassed Pengiran Anak Muhammad Tajuddin that he took the decision to "melabur" which was to burn himself with gun powder.

However when Sultan Abdul Momin took the throne, he astutely took a decision that the heirs to the throne will not be his own children but that of the sons of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II (then it was Pengiran Anak Muhammad Salleh and Pengiran Anak Hashim) and prayed that his wishes will be fulfilled.His wishes were fulfilled. It was Pengiran Anak Hashim who became Sultan Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqmadin when he died. Sultan Abdul Momin also adopted the sons of Pengiran Anak Muhammad Tajuddin.As the 24th Sultan of Brunei, Sultan Abdul Momin's reign was during the tumultuous period of Brunei's history. Sultan Abdul Momin was well respected and was able to restore peace and order in Brunei.He succeeded in setting longstanding enmities within the Royal Family by bringing together the descendants of Sultan Omar Ali Safiduddin II and the late Pengiran Muda Hashim through marriage.He also encouraged the detailed study of teachings of Islam, in which he personally participated. He also sent some Ulama to the Holy City of Mekah.It was also during his reign that the Brookes in Sarawak obtained more land and concessions from Brunei as well as the loss of North Borneo.When Sultan Abdul Momin took the throne, Brooke made an agreement with him that not only he confirmed James Brooke as an independent Raja, but also gave up the Batang Lupar area.In 1853, another treaty was concluded between the two of them. The 1855 treaty extended Sarawak's territories to the Rajang River which included all the seven districts of Rajang, Kalakah, Saribas, Sekrang, Lingga, Sadong and Samarahan. In exchange for the sizeable loss of territory, Sultan Abdul Momin received $1,500 annually.James Brooke also agreed to share any extra revenue from these districts with the Sultan.Although James Brooke failed in his quest to make Sarawak, a British protectorate in 1857, he was able to gain more land from Brunei.

In Mukah, a profitable sago trading area, the Brunei government's representative was hunted by the British navy assisted by Charles Johnson (who later became known as Charles Brooke, the nephew of James Brooke) who was then the Tuan Muda of Sarawak.In 1861, James Brooke returned to Brunei to persuade Sultan Abdul Momin to cede the third division of Sarawak.Britain also helped to pressure Brunei and as a result, Sultan Abdul Momin ceded territories from Rajang to the Bintulu River including Mukah and Oya.He was paid $4,500 annually for this concession but Brunei had lost a valuable territory that produced sago.Sultan Abdul Momin could do little to discourage James Brooke's plans to acquire more land for Sarawak from Brunei. James Brooke had the British government behind him and the British Royal Navy which backed him up.Even the British Governor of Labuan, GW Edwardes was instructed by the British Government not to interfere in Brunei's affairs. Sultan Abdul Momin had no choice and he agreed to the demand for more territories.

Charles Brooke, becoming the new Rajah in 1868 on the death of James Brooke, wanted to get more territory including that of Baram River.Sultan Abdul Momin refused to do so and implored the British to assist Brunei. Charles Brooke put pressure by withholding parts of the annual payments that the British Government placed a ban on Sarawak from acquiring any territory for the next 10 years.However in 1874, the Kayans of Baram rebelled against Brunei's rule and Charles Brooke used that as an excuse to seize Baram. In 1884, the people of Limbang also rebelled for the same reasons — they believed that they would be better off under the western administration led by the Brookes.At the same time, in North Borneo (Sabah), Sultan Abdul Momin very impressed made by an American, Charles Lee Moses of the economic benefits, that he leased out North Borneo to Moses in 1865. Moses however sold his rights to Torrey, an American businessman who formed the American Trading Company of Borneo. Torrey himself went back to Brunei to renegotiate the lease. However his venture failed. In 1875, the Austrian Consul General in Hong Kong, Baron Overbeck bought over Torrey's rights and renegotiated the lease. He later sold the lease to a British businessman, Alfred Dent.It was Dent and his associates who formed a company in 1881 to develop North Borneo. The British North Borneo Chartered Company obtained a Royal Charter from the Queen and gradually established its rule there. In providing that charter, the British has assumed a responsibility in North Borneo.The British Government could not adopt different policies — stopping Rajah Brooke from expansion but supporting the Company. The company and Rajah Brooke began a contest to gain more of Brunei's remaining territories. By 1884, the company was seeking to gain further Brunei territories not included in the original lease.Sultan Abdul Momin realised that with the expansionist policies of both Rajah Brooke and the North Borneo Company, it was only a matter of time before Brunei was wiped out from existence. He called for a meeting of his chiefs whereby he made them take an oath.This oath became known as the "Amanat" and it was declared on 20th February 1885. It was an agreement between the Sultan, Wazirs, Manteris and the holders of Tulin rights not to cede or lease any of the remaining territories of Brunei to foreign powers. Sultan Abdul Momin died later that year.Even though the "Amanat" was in place, Brunei was unable to reclaim Limbang nor to prevent further loss of Brunei's territory. Brunei did not have the ability to enforce the "Amanat" while Brooke and the Company could use steam warships and more powerful guns. As a result, Brunei was divided into two groups of small territories with no land link with each other. Sultan Abdul Momin tried to the very end to stop Brunei from being wiped out from existence. At least he succeeded in doing that.

7.Omar Ali Saifuddin II (1829–1852)

Pengiran Muda Omar Ali Saifuddin was the son of Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam I and Raja Isteri Nor Alam. When his father died in 1804, he was still a minor. Therefore, his grandfather, Paduka Seri Begawan Muhammad Tajuddin ascended the throne for the second time. Due to the advanced age of Sultan Muhammad Tajuddin, his younger brother, Pengiran Di-Gadong Pengiran Muda Muhammad Kanzul Alam acted as regent. When Sultan Muhammad Tajuddin died in 1807, the regent became the 21st Sultan of Brunei and was known as Sultan Muhammad Kanzul Alam. Sultan Muhammad Kanzul Alam then appointed his own son, Pengiran Anak Muhammad Alam as heir to the throne of Brunei.

In 1825, when Pengiran Muda Omar Ali Saifuddin had come of age, he asserted his claim to the throne. Pengiran Muda Omar Ali Saifuddin was supported by most nobles as he was the rightful heir according to Brunei’s royal traditions. The Kris Si Naga in the possession of his mother strengthened his claim. To end the succession crisis, Sultan Muhammad Alam stepped down from the throne and was sentenced to death. In 1828, Pengiran Muda Omar Ali Saifuddin ascended the throne as the 23rd Sultan of Brunei taking the title Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II.

During Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II’s reign, disturbances occurred in Sarawak. In 1842, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II appointed James Brookewho succeeded in crushing the disturbances as the Sultan Representative (Governor) in Sarawak. In 1846, Brunei Town was attacked and captured by the British and Sultan Saifuddin II was forced to sign a treaty to end the British occupation of Brunei Town. In the same year, Sultan Saifuddin II ceded Labuan to the British under the Treaty of Labuan. In 1847, he signed the Treaty of Friendship and Commerce with the British and in 1850, he signed a similar treaty with the United States.

Sultan Saifuddin II died in 1852 and was succeeded by his son-in-law, Sultan Abdul Momin as the 24th Sultan of Brunei.

8.Muhammad Alam (1825–1828)

Sultan Muhammad Alam (no information - 1828 ) was the Sultan of Brunei who reigned from 1826 when the life of his father until 1828 . As famous for his strength and valor, the Sultan was known as the "King of Fire". Sultan Muhammad Alam Better known as "The King of Fire, King David, Sultan Panji Alam, seated hill which Seruwei Kampung Kuala Segan Bintulu, Sarawak.isteri his wife Nurlana Pg King Abdullah, sons of his son Nur Alam Pg Pg Salama Son and Heir Muhammad Omar Jaya, generation of his descendants are still there until now, during the life of his reign, he also received news that cape province mysticism kidurung be attacked by pirates, who want to capture territory kidurung cape, he and his Tantara leaving Bintulu Bintulu to defend when Thus, once captured by pirates in the cape kidurung, he decided to be entrenched at the confluence of Bintulu shy, he Stopover In Britain the first site with his followers, and continue to camp in Kuala Segan, he sailed up the tatau with his followers, he was there to meet with government tatau which Grosneundorf Rich King and wife Maying Rabiah, there he met his soul mate and wife, Lana, namely, as a pious ruler of Brunei government, he has been putting away the title Pengiran Lana NurLana Abdullah's wife, and married by Sahibul Pengiran Haji Damit Al-Khatib ibn Al-Kahtib Beqir who was the minister of religion in life he became sultan of brunei to 22, he was also visited by him at the time Acting Pengiran Muda Omar Ali Saifuddin 2nd, who came to Bintulu, and requested that he return to the palace, so he Taking the results of living in Bintulu Sarawak, and has submitted his kingdom to his acting, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin 2nd, bagida With His Family and His Followers menetab Bintulu region, of which his son Nur Pg Anak Alam, beginda is feared by Iban warrior , as for his piety and his courage that membawabersama standard 40 Government of Brunei, once beat Pirates and stagnant at the Sultan aloft his nature, and also King David, he sat in 1895 and was buried in Bukit Kampung Kuala Segan Seruwei Bintulu, he still Sarawak.keturunan until now.

9.Muhammad Kanzul Alam (1807–1829)

Sultan Muhammad Kanzul Alam throne of Brunei from 1807 to 1826. He became the representative of Sultan Muhammad Tajuddin preserve the Brunei Government for his son, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II . He is famous as the "Pengiran Di-Gadong Dad '. In the year 1236 AH (1821 AD), he was released and sent down the money Pitis to millet. His foster friendly relations with Spain in Manila . During 1809, The Red came to Brunei bring kuyuk (dog) for large and fiercely resisted by the people of Brunei and can be defeated by Muhammad Daud Pg. Because of its success, paraded into 'Pemancha Pg. He was the one who managed to catch a tiger gift Sultan who escaped from kandangnya.Pada 1823, the Government envoy Netherlands came to Brunei. At his age, Muhammad Salleh Pengiran Indera Mahkota Pengiran lifted into and commanded to rule Sarawak.

10.Muhammad Jamalul Alam I (1806–1807)

11.Muhammad Tajuddin (1796–1807)

Sultan Muhammad Tajuddin, the 19th Sultan reigned from 1795 to 1804. He step down to allow Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam to become the 20th Sultan. Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam died within 8 months of becoming Sultan and Sultan Muhammad Tajuddin took over as the Acting Sultan while waiting for the rightful Prince to grow up. Unfortunately it took a while for the rightful Prince to grow up and by then the throne was usurped by Sultan Muhammad Alam who ruled until he died before the throne was rightfully given back to Sultan Omar Ali Saiffudien II.

12.Omar Ali Saifuddin I (1762–1795)

Omar Ali Saifuddin I (died July 10, 1795) was the Sultan of Brunei from 1762 until 1795. He was the son of Sultan Muhammad Alauddin. On the Sultan's death in 1795, he was succeeded by his eldest son, Muhammad Tajuddin. His Highness was the son of Sultan Muhammad Alauddin Ibni Al Marhum Pengiran Di-Gadong Pengiran Muda Shah Mubin. After Sultan Hussain Kamaluddin abdicated from the throne, Pengiran Muda Omar Ali Saifuddin ascended the throne to become the next Sultan of Brunei. According to Sir Hugh Low, the new Sultan was still very young when he ascended the throne.

13. Muhammad Alauddin (1730–1745)

Sultan Muhammad Alauddin ruled Brunei from 1730 to 1737. Sultan Muhammad Alauddin (1730-1737) documented the Laws of Regulations of Bruneian Kings, (Salasilah Raja-Raja Brunei) and produced the currency "pitis". He was well known as "Marhum di Brunei".he ordered Mr. Priest Jacob instructed Descendant of the Kings Brunei.baginda ever mengelurkan currency 'Pitis'. In 1737 he mangkat.baginda known as' the late in Brunei.

14.Hussin Kamaluddin (1705–1730)

Sultan Hussein Kamaluddin, the 16th Sultan is the only Sultan to have step down twice and became Begawan Sultan twice. He first reigned in 1710 when Sultan Nasruddin passed away and he step down in 1730 to allow his nephew, Sultan Muhammad Alauddin to become the 17th Sultan. But Sultan Muhammad Alauddin passed away in 1737 and his son was too young to become the Sultan. Sultan Husin Kamaluddin became the Sultan again until 1740 when he step down for the second time to allow the young prince, now grown up to become Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien the First, the 18th Sultan.

15.Nassaruddin (1690–1705)

Sultan Nasruddin (1690-1710) introduced gold coins during his reign in 1690-1710.

16.Muhyiddin (1673–1690)

Sultan Muhyiddin ruled Brunei from 1673 to 1690. he took over the Throne of the Sultan Abdul Mubin Hakkul . He noted the policy, strong and managed to unite the people of Brunei after the Civil War ended. in 1685, he managed to overcome the forces of deceit Spain pretending to come visit Brunei. His days, Datu Dakula come to Brunei to defend his father, but could be solved by kekandanya, Treasurer Pengiran Pengiran Muda Amir ibn Sultan Abdul Mubin Hakkul. during his days, the sultan of Sulu Sultan Muhyiddin was asked to assist him in defeating the rebels on the island Chermin, and submit to the sultan of Sulu Sabah east. In 1690 he was mangkat.Baginda known as' the late Bungsu.

17.Abdul Hakkul Mubin (1660–1673)

Sultan Abdul Hakkul Mubin (also known as Abdul Mubin) was the fourteenth sultan of Brunei, and was involved in the Brunei Civil War. He ruled from 1660 to 1673 after killing Sultan Muhammad Ali, and was killed and succeeded by Muhyiddin of Brunei.Abdul Hakkul Mubin was once known as Pengiran (Prince) Abdul Mubin. However in 1660 his son was killed by the son of the reigning Sultan Muhammad Ali. In revenge he killed Muhammad Ali and took the throne, taking the name Abdul Hakkul Mubin. He tried to appease the previous Sultan's followers by appointing Muhammad Ali's grandson, Muhyiddin, as the new Bendahara ("Chief Minister"). However Muhammad Ali's supporters convinced Muhyiddin to take revenge sparking the Brunei Civil War. Abdul Hakkul Mubin's rule, and the Brunei Civil War, ended with his death and Muhyiddin's victory in 1673.The earliest historical record of the Sultans of Brunei is not clearly known due to the poor early documentation of Brunei history. In addition there has been an effort to Islamise the history, with the "official history" not matching up with verifiable foreign sources. The Batu Tarsilah - the genealogical record of the kings of Brunei - was not started until 1807. Therefore, much of the intepretation on history relied on earlier Chinese sources and legends. It seems that the early Sultanate of Brunei was dependent on Chinese support,and perhaps early Sultans were of Chinese origin. Furthermore the earliest Sultans may have been practicing the Hindu or Buddhist religions, with early names indicating this origin.

18.Muhammad Ali (1652–1660)

Sultan Muhammad Ali was the thirteenth sultan of Brunei. He ruled only in 1660. He was killed by his successor Abdul Hakkul Mubin so starting the Brunei Civil War. He was avenged by his grandson Muhyiddin of Brunei who became the 15th Sultan.The earliest historical record of the Sultans of Brunei is not clearly known due to the poor early documentation of Brunei history. In addition there has been an effort to Islamise the history, with the "official history" not matching up with verifiable foreign sources The Batu Tarsilah - the genealogical record of the kings of Brunei - was not started until 1807. Therefore, much of the intepretation on history relied on earlier Chinese sources and legends. It seems that the early Sultanate of Brunei was dependent on Chinese support,and perhaps early Sultans were of Chinese origin. Furthermore the earliest Sultans may have been practicing the Hindu or Buddhist religions, with early names indicating this origin.

19.Abdul Jailul Jabbar (1649–1652)

Abdul Jalil is a Muslim male given name, also used by Christians, and in modern usage, surname. It is built from the Arabic words Abd, al- and Jalil. The name means "servant of the Exalted", Al-Jalīl being one of the names of God in the Qur'an, which give rise to the Muslim theophoric names.The letter a of the al- is unstressed, and can be transliterated by almost any vowel, often by e. So the first part can appear as Abdel, Abdul or Abd-al. The second part may appear as Jalil, Jaleel, Jolil, Galil (Egyptian spelling) or in other ways. The whole name is subject to variable spacing and hyphenation.

20.Abdul Jailul Akbar (1598 to 1659)

Sultan Abdul Jalilul Akbar ruled Brunei from 1598 to 1659. He noted a sultan strong, fair and berkeramat. In the throne, he is assisted by his father's brother, Pengiran Di-Gadong Great Osman.Pada 1599 relations with Spain in Manila . In 1600, Oliver van Noorf, traders Netherlands came to Brunei.Pada 1612, The Business English led by Sir Hendry Middleton came to Brunei.Pada in 1659, he mangkat.Baginda known as 'the late Old'.

21.Muhammad Hassan (1605–1619)

Sultan Muhammad Hassan (reign: 1582–1598 or 1601-1610*Nicholl) was the ninth Sultan of Brunei.His elder son, Sultan Jalilul Akbar, is the ancestor of Sultan Hj. Hassanal Bolkiah, the present Sultan of Brunei.Sultan Muhammad Hassan's middle son, Sultan Tengah was sent to be the "Sultan of Sarawak". His generations continue to rule in Sambas Sultanate (*Indonesia) to this day.Sultan Muhammad Hassan's youngest son, Pangiran Shahbandar Maharajalela, also known as Raja Bongsu-I, was sent to Sulu to be a Sultan, taking the name "Sultan Mawalil-Wasit-I". He is the ancestor of the present Sulu Sultanate royal families, the Kiram, Shakiraullah & the Maharajah Adinda families.The three brothers in the three sultanates were same royal blood. To prove their relationships, by the existences of the royal symbol called "Pulau Janggi" in Sulu and "Sepong Janggi or Sepoh Janggi" in Brunei. It is not know what it is called in the Sambas Sultanate. Undoubtedly, the rulers of these 3 sultanates were brothers. However, their wealth were different,with the Brunei Sultanate being the and the Sulu Sultanate being the poorest.

22.Shah Berunai (1600–1605)

Sultan Shah Brunei is the eighth Sultan of Brunei. He ascended the throne in 1581. He died in 1582 without any male descendants and was succeeded by his younger brother Pengiran Muda Tengah Muhammad Hassan.

During his reign, he was concerned with the activity of producing Cannon for the weaponry. In which Brunei at that time was preparing for defence from any attack of Spanish army that headquartered in Manila.

23.Saiful Rijal (1575–1600)

Sultan Saiful Rijal was the seventh Sultan of Brunei. During his reign, the Castille War broke out in 1578. He died in 1581 and was replaced by his son, Sultan Shah Berunai.

24.Abdul Kahar (1521–1575)

Sultan Abdul Kahar was the sixth sultan of Brunei, ruling from 1524 until stepping down from the throne on 1530 to allow his son to become Sultan. He died in 1578.

25.Bolkiah (1473–1521)

Sultan Bolkiah was the fifth Sultan of Brunei. He ascended the throne of Brunei upon the abdication of his father, Sultan Sulaiman. He ruled Brunei from 1485 to 1524. His reign was known as the Golden Age because Brunei became the superpower of the Malay archipelago. Under Sultan Bolkiah, Brunei prospered further, but he was still unsatisfied with Brunei's progress and ordered all his chiefs and ministers to seek new ideas to develop Brunei further. He frequently travelled abroad to broaden his outlook and increase his knowledge for the development of his country. The new ideas he brought back to Brunei were ordered to be studied in detail and pursued for implementation for the benefit of his people and country.Sultan Bolkiah's victory over Sulu and Selurong (now Manila), and marriages to Princess Lela Mechanai (the princess of Sulu) and to the daughter of Datu Kemin, widened Brunei's influence in the Philippines. This increased Brunei's wealth as well as extended Islamic teachings in the region. The influence and power of Brunei reached its climax during the reign of Sultan Bolkiah.Sultan Bolkiah was succeeded by his son, Abdul Kahar, after his death. He was buried in Kota Batu with his wife, Princess Lela Mechanai.

26.Sulaiman (1433–1473)

Sultan sulaiman was the fourth sultan of Brunei, ruling from 1432 until his abdication in 1485 to allow his son, Bolkiah, to become Sultan. He died in 1511.

27.Sharif Ali (1425–1433)

Sharif Ali was a very pious ruler and was therefore nicknamed "Sultan Berkat" (Blessed Sultan). He was the first sultan to build a mosque, and fortified the defense of Brunei by ordering his people to build a stone fortress. Sharif Ali governed Brunei according to Islamic principles and his reign was popular and highly respected. After his death, Sharif Ali was succeeded by his son Sulaiman.

The royal symbol origin came from the world largest seed called "Coco de mer".

Sultan Sharif Ali was the direct-descendant of Muhammad. His grandchild was Saidina Hassan r.a. Sultan Sharif Ali was the ancestor of the Brunei & Sulu royal families.

28.Ahmad (1415–1425)

Sultan Ahmad ascended the throne in 1408, before that he was known as Pateh Berbai. He is the first Pengiran Bendahara in Brunei. Later he was given the title Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara. He married the younger sister of Ong Sum Ping (also known as Pengiran Maharaja Lela). Sultan Ahmad died in 1425 and was succeeded bu his son-in-law, Sultan Sharif Ali.

29. Muhammad Shah (1405–1415)

Sultan Muhammad Shah was the first Sultan of Brunei. He ruled Brunei from 1363 to 1402. He was the first Muslim ruler of Brunei as a result of his conversion to Islam in 1363 for his marriage to a Johorean-Temasik princess. Prior to conversion to Islam, he was known as Awang Alak Betatar. He sent a mission to China in 1371 by which his name is recorded in Ming historical record as Mo-ha-mo-sha. Sultan Muhammad Shah died in 1402 and was succeeded by Sultan Abdul Majid Hassan.